Document Type: Original Article


1 Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

2 Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Dept. of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Otolaryngology Research Center, Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Statement of the Problem: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most frequent oral cancer whose 5-year survival rate is 80% for early-detected lesions and nearly 30-50% for advanced lesions. Early detection of oral cancers and precancerous lesions can improve the patient’s survival and decrease the morbidity.Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the Ki-67 and MCM3 expression in cytologic smear of oral SCC (OSCC).Materials and Method: We examined 48 oral brush biopsies including 28 OSCC and 20 healthy non-smoking samples. Immunocytochemistry staining was performed for Ki-67 andMCM3 by using an EnVision-labeled peroxidase system, and labeling index (LI) was calculated.Results: Out of 28 OSCC cases, 27(96.4%) cases contained MCM3 positive cells and 22(78%) cases contained Ki-67 positive cells. All normal mucosa were Ki-67 and MCM3 negative. MCM3 and Ki-67 LI were significantly higher in OSCC than normal mucosa (p< 0.001). MCM3 LI was significantly higher than Ki-67 LI in OSCC group (p< 0.001).Conclusion: Immunocytologic evaluation of Ki-67 and MCM3 can be used for early detection of OSCC. Furthermore, MCM3 may be a more sensitive cytologic biomarker than Ki-67 in SCC patients. Keywords ● Squamous Cell Carcinoma  ● Cytology  ● Biopsy  ● Ki-67 antigen  ● Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 3