Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Dept. of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Zanjan University of Medical Science, Zanjan, Iran.

2 Dental Material Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

Statement of the Problem: Despite yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) high strength in dental restoration application, Zr- the framework has a low tendency to react chemically with cement which is the main reason of these restoration failures.
Purpose: The aim of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the effect of Y-TZP coating by nanocomposite of silica and aluminosilicate according to the sol-gel dip-coating technique on the bond strength of resin cement to Y-TZP.  
Materials and Method:In this experimental study, Y-TZP blocks (10×10×3  ) were prepared and sintered and assigned into 4 groups (n=10) for coating including control group without any further surface treatment, sandblasted using 110 μm alumina particles under 2.5 bar and tip distance of 10 mm, silica sol dip coating + calcination, aluminosilicate sol dip coating+ calcinations. To confirm chemical bonds of sol-gel covers, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) technique was used. The surface of the sample was investigated by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy detector (EDS) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) methods. Micro-shear bond strengths (µSBS) of zirconia-cement specimens were evaluated. Data were analyzed with a one-way ANOVA test in SPSS version 11.5 software with a confidence interval of 95%. 
Results: µSBS of sandblasting, nano-silica, and nano-aluminosilicate specimens were significantly higher than control. µSBS of nano-silica was higher than other groups but no significant difference was observed in µSBS of sandblasting nano-silica, and nano-aluminosilicate groups (p Value > 0.05).
Conclusion: Covering the zirconia surface with non-invasive nano-silica and nano-aluminosilicate using the sol-gel technique leads to improved cement bond strength. 

Keywords