Shear Bond Strength of a Multi-Mode Adhesive to Bur-Cut and Er, Cr: YSGG Lased Dentin in Different Output Powers

Niloofar Shadman, Shahram Farzin Ebrahimi, Sara Amanpour, Siavash Mehdi Zadeh


Statement of the Problem: Universal or Multi-mode adhesives are new adhesive systems that can be used in both etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE) modes. Lesser technical sensitivity and dual use of these adhesives have made them popular among dentists. Studies are being conducted to analyze the advantages and disadvantages these adhesives in different conditions

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare shear bond strength (SBS) of a multi-mode adhesive in different etching modes to Er,Cr:YSGG laser ablated and bur-cut dentin.

Materials and Method: Buccal and lingual surfaces of 30 sound human molars, randomly divided to three groups, were prepared by bur and Er,Cr:YSGG (4 Watt and 5 Watt, 20 Hz, 96% water, 60% air, and 600-µm spot size) to reach superficial dentin. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups (ER and SE), then Scotchbond Universal adhesive was applied. Composite cylinders were attached to the surfaces and cured. Specimens were stored in 37 °C water for 24 hours and thermocycled (500 cycles) and were tested for SBS and failure modes were determined by stereomicroscope. Data was analyzed using SPSS19 and one- way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc tests. p< 0.05 was considered as significance level.

Results: Bur-cut dentin with ER method had the highest mean SBS value (33.80 MPa). SBS in bur-cut and 4Watt laser in ER mode were significantly higher than SE mode (p= 0.002 and p= 0.000 respectively). Highest mean SBS value in lased dentin was achieve in 4 Watt ER mode.

Conclusion:SBS of Scotchbond universal adhesive to dentine is highest in bur-cut and ER mode and in 4-Watt lased-dentin is higher than 5-Watt lased-dentin. Moreover, in 4-Watt lased-dentin, SBS of ER mode is more than SE mode.

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