Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Dept. of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

 
Statement of the Problem: The degree of asymmetry perception of dental and medical practitioners is influenced by several factors. The perceived asymmetry affect the treatment plan design.
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the consistency of facial asymmetry and identify amounts of transverse asymmetry that can be regarded as normal and may benefit from correction.
Materials and Method: At first, three-dimensional images of a man and a women volunteer were obtained. Then transverse changes were applied by ZBrush software so that for each volunteer, seven 3D images of their face with varying degree of facial transverse asymmetry were created. Then, the images were displayed to four groups of observers including layperson, general dentists, orthodontists, and maxillofacial surgeons. Finally, the consistency of the perception of these four groups of observers with the different degrees of facial asymmetry was compared.
Results: Fourteen photographic samples were evaluated and ranked by 80 observers in four groups. The consistency of the perception of the facial transverse asymmetry was equal to 33%, which indicated a lack of consistency.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, there was no consistency between the groups.

Keywords