Document Type: Case Report


1 Dept. of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

2 Dept. of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Variations of dental root canals were reported by different authors. One of the rare variations is the presence of two separate palatal roots of maxillary molars, especially second maxillary molars. This case study reported a maxillary second molar with two separate palatal roots and a palatal bifurcation which was found during the periodontal flap surgery. Although these variations are rare, awareness of their presence would help in successful periodontal and endodontic treatment.