Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Student of Dentistry, Membership of Dental Material Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Dept. of Oral Medicine, Membership of Dental Material Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

10.30476/dentjods.2021.87800.1284

Abstract

Corona virus epidemic has caused a widespread disaster around the world. In studies, there are pieces of evidence of olfactory and taste dysfunction in patients with Covid-19. These symptoms occur independently or can be associated with other symptoms such as dry cough. The mechanism of the above-mentioned disorders and also its clinical features in patients are not yet known. The rate of incidence of olfactory dysfunction (OD) in patients has been varied from 29.64%-75.23% and the rate of incidence of taste dysfunction among the people can be different from 20.46% to 68.95%. Therefore, clinicians including ENT specialists and dentists should pay attention to the symptoms of anosmia and ageusia in outpatients so that the diagnosis is not delayed and/or does not lead to inappropriate treatments in patients. In this article, the available studies regarding this issue are mentioned. In this review article, data collection by searching the available articles in the domestic and foreign journals using databases such as: PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline, EBSCO, Google Scholar and Embase with key words of Anosmia, Ageusia, Dysgeusia, Covid-19, Coronavirus occurred between 2019 to 2020. Among the relevant references, 38 authoritative articles were chosen. It seems that olfactory and taste function disorders are the obvious symptoms of Covid-19 which can occur independently or with other symptoms, but the pathogenesis is not well-specified yet. Therefore, further studies are required to achieve a reliable result in this area.

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