Document Type : Original Article


1 Dept. of Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Dept. of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Statement of the Problem: Medial depression of the mandibular ramus (MDMR) as a normal anatomical variation might complicate orthognatic surgeries that involve ramus. When planning an orthognatic surgery, it is clinically valuable to notice MDMR in osteotomy site to decrease the risk of failure.
Purpose: The aim of present study was to evaluate the prevalence as well as characteristics of MDMR in three skeletal sagittal classifications.
Materials and Method: This cross sectional study evaluated 530 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans, of which 220 were enrolled. The skeletal sagittal classification, the presence of MDMR, the shape, depth, and width of MDMR were recorded for each patient by two examiners. Chi-square test was performed to determine the differences between three skeletal sagittal groups and between two genders.
Results: The overall prevalence of MDMR was 60.45%. MDMR was mostly detected in class III (76.92%), followed by class II (76.66%), and class I (54.87%). In the analyzed CBCT scans, semi-lunar was the most common shape detected (42.85%), followed by triangular (30.82%), circular (18.04%), and tear-drop (8.27%). The depth of MDMR was not significantly different between three sagittal groups and between genders; however, the width of MDMR was higher in class III group and in male patients. In the present study, MDMR was found to be more common in patients with class II and class III skeletal classifications. Although, MDMR was more frequent in class III, the difference between class II and class III was not significant.
Conclusion: More caution is needed during orthognatic surgery in patients with dentoskeletal deformities during the splitting of the ramus. Moreover, higher width of MDMR in class III and male patients should be concerned when planning an orthognatic surgery for these patients.